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guild

Line breaks: guild
Pronunciation: /ɡɪld
 
/
(also gild)

Definition of guild in English:

noun

1A medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power.
Example sentences
  • The right model for the teacher unions is the medieval craftsman guilds, the hallmarks of which were professional ability and demonstrated accomplishment.
  • Since medieval times, the merchants in most towns in Europe had organized themselves into guilds, just like craftsmen.
  • Four decades after Rerum Novarum, the Vicar of Christ on earth preached as his only response to the Depression cooperation between management and labour through the resurrection of medieval guilds.
1.1An association of people for mutual aid or the pursuit of a common goal.
Example sentences
  • If teachers were represented by some kind of professional association, like a guild or trade union, we could avoid all the misery this government is bringing into our schools.
  • This was typical modesty of a sort not that common in our guild.
  • The guilds and unions in the American film industry are still strong, and have the clout (in theory) to protect their workers against the depredations of management, and against their own love of the Job.
Synonyms
1.2 Ecology A group of species that have similar requirements and play a similar role within a community.
Example sentences
  • Those figures show that, within guilds, species richness and individual abundance are not necessarily correlated.
  • Unfortunately, size ratio analyses are not useful when the same measurement is not available for all species within the guild.
  • The differences in logo transformed mass values between successively sized species within a guild are the size ratio data.

Origin

late Old English: probably from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch gilde, of Germanic origin; related to yield.

Derivatives

guildsman

1
noun (plural guildsmen)
Example sentences
  • It was established in 1352 by the two Cambridge guilds of Corpus Christi and the Blessed Virgin Mary to train priests in theology and canon law, and to provide prayers for the souls of guildsmen departed.
  • The majority of Venetian guildsmen (56 per cent in the good times of 1595) worked in the non-export trades.
  • The monopolistic practices of the urban guildsmen often cost their rural suppliers dear, and inevitably reduced competitiveness throughout the whole industry.

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