- 1 [mass noun] A viscous secretion of some trees and shrubs that hardens on drying but is soluble in water, and from which adhesives and other products are made. Compare with resin.More example sentences
- The raw silk fiber actually consists of two filaments called fibroin bound by a soluble silk gum called sericin.
- Indian or Chinese ink is essentially lampblack (carbon ink) which is mixed with gum and resin and hardened by baking.
- I learn that one ice cream ingredient, locust bean gum, was used in ancient Egypt to seal the wrappings on mummies.
- 1.1Glue that is used for sticking paper or other light materials together.More example sentences
- There are over five hundred million balloons in Europe which have been tied together with string and gum to form Europe City, the capital of Europe.
- He also has a piece of adhesive gum with drawing pins sunk in it which, when combined with a thick rubber band, makes a horrifying catapult.
- 2 short for chewing gum or bubblegum.More example sentences
- Behind her sat Stacey, one of the most popular cheerleaders of the high school, and she was loudly popping her cotton candy scented gum.
- Lynda walked in, blowing a pink bubble with her gum.
- A bored looking Sales attendant glanced up from her magazine while absentmindedly blowing a bubble with her gum, and gestured around herself.
- 3A gum tree, especially a eucalyptus. See also sweet gum.More example sentences
- Here, unusual and ancient giant ferns are frequent, as are scribbly gums and eucalypts, while in places kauri and satinay pines reach high for the sky.
- The Australian ‘Nilagiris’ owe their name to a vaporous blue haze exuded by the eucalyptus gum.
- Thomas established a piece of paradise by planting many native rimu, gums and pines, which now shelter an extraordinary collection of some of the world's rarest and most unusual plants.
- 4 North American term for gumboot.
verb (gums, gumming, gummed)[with object] Back to top
- 1Cover with gum or glue: (as adjective gummed) gummed paperMore example sentences
- Drawing and painting materials - as well as crayons and felt-tip pens, try colouring pencils, poster paints, coloured paper, sparkly card, glitter glue, gummed shapes, pom-poms and sequins.
- If you use an electric sander, keep the tool moving on the surface to prevent friction from melting the finish and gumming up the paper.
- Keep the sander moving constantly to prevent heat caused by friction from softening the paint and gumming up the paper.
- 1.1 [with object and adverbial] Fasten with gum or glue: the receipts are gummed into a special bookMore example sentences
- Stamps are slammed on the title page, label pockets gummed to the rear pastedown, dust wrappers discarded, covers vulcanised in plastic - or, in those days, a toffee-brown buckram tough enough to withstand acid.
- To start I went for an enormous rack of ribs, which would easily have made a main course in its own right, slow-cooked so the fat had rendered down to produce that lovely stickiness which gums your teeth together.
- 1.2 (gum something up) Clog up a mechanism and prevent it from working properly: open and close the valves to make sure they don’t get gummed upMore example sentences
- All the work's possible dreams are gummed up to create a world that is glacial, hyperrealistic, and devoid of poetry.
- What if more accountability actually slowed it down, gummed it up.
- The impact would be nearly imperceptible at first, but it'd be there, and significant enough to gum things up.
Middle English: from Old French gomme, based on Latin gummi, from Greek kommi, from Egyptian kemai.
- The firm area of flesh around the roots of the teeth in the upper or lower jaw: a tooth broken off just above the gum toothpastes made to keep your gums healthy [as modifier]: gum diseaseMore example sentences
- Oral cancer encompasses cancers of the mouth, throat, cheek, gums, lips and tongue.
- One of the largest-ever studies following the teeth and gums of healthy adults has just been reported from Brisbane.
- Go to the dentist before you get pregnant to be sure your teeth and gums are healthy.
verb (gums, gumming, gummed)[with object] Back to top
- Chew (something) with toothless gums: the two-year-old gummed his mother’s plastic-coated ration cardMore example sentences
- They made the leathery meal soft enough to swallow by alternately sucking on and gumming it.
- My 10-month-old son is still more interested in gumming the keyboard than in exploring educational possibilities on the Web, but I look forward to the day when I can help him connect with his world by connecting to the Internet.
- And I could only stare, my mouth hung open dumbly like a cow gumming its cud.
Old English gōma 'inside of the mouth or throat', of Germanic origin; related to German Gaumen 'roof of the mouth'.
noun(in phrase by gum!) chiefly Northern English
- An exclamation used for emphasis: if he wants it done by Friday, by gum, he’d better get cracking!More example sentences
- But by gum, he was going to shout at them a lot and ladle on the tough love to get them there.
- Apparently the fame went right to this fella's noggin, by gum, as his hollerin' and harp-playin' have now become a permanent fixture at Barfly's bluegrass nights as well.
- Cutting back on emissions (by agreeing to the Kyoto Protocols), the report contended, would put a damper on the economic wealth that will save us from hurricanes that might take lots of lives in poorer countries but not here, by gum.
early 19th century: euphemistic alteration of God.