Definition of gynoecium in English:

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Pronunciation: /ɡʌɪˈniːsɪəm/
Pronunciation: /dʒʌɪˈniːsɪəm/

noun (plural gynoecia /ɡʌɪˈniːsɪə/ /dʒʌɪˈniːsɪə/)

The female part of a flower, consisting of one or more carpels.
Example sentences
  • In Convolvulaceae the median plane of the flower bisects the two carpels of the gynoecium and is axillary.
  • Because valves are scored to determine the numbers of carpels present within a gynoecium, flowers with one or zero valves could affect the mean carpel number.
  • The gynoecium has three carpels united to form a compound ovary with three styles that are short when the flowers open and that elongate gradually.


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek gunaikeion 'women's apartments', from gunē, gunaik- 'woman, female' + oikos 'house'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: gy¦noe|cium

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