Share this entry

Share this page

hadron

Line breaks: had¦ron
Pronunciation: /ˈhadrɒn
 
/

Definition of hadron in English:

noun

Physics
A subatomic particle of a type including the baryons and mesons, which can take part in the strong interaction.
Example sentences
  • For example, the earliest version of the theory could only accommodate bosons, whereas many hadrons - including the proton and neutron - are fermions.
  • The simplest hadrons are therefore mesons made from a quark and antiquark pair (where the difference is zero), and baryons made of three quarks (where the difference is three).
  • Beams of hadrons, such as protons, neutrons and ions, offer important advantages over X-ray radiotherapy.

Origin

1960s: from Greek hadros 'bulky' + -on.

Derivatives

hadronic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈdrɒnɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • This process results in two jets of hadronic particles as the quarks form hadrons.
  • ‘Color,’ as in quantum chromodynamics, refers here to the hadronic analogue of charge rather than to anything optical.
  • Because the heavy quark is relatively inert, one can extract the properties of different light-quark configurations from the hadronic spectrum.

Definition of hadron in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day tenebrous
Pronunciation: ˈtɛnɪbrəs
adjective
dark; shadowy or obscure