Definition of hamstring in English:

hamstring

Line breaks: ham|string
Pronunciation: /ˈhamstrɪŋ
 
/

noun

1Any of five tendons at the back of a person’s knee: he pulled a hamstring
More example sentences
  • The lift is actually performed by the leg muscles (quadriceps, hamstrings, and gluteus maximus) on the way up.
  • You must squat to build a symmetrical sexy lower body with a balance between the quadriceps and the hamstrings and gluteus maximus.
  • Your gluteus maximus and hamstrings are powerful hip extensors that are activated whenever you stand, sit or step up.
1.1The great tendon at the back of a quadruped’s hock.
More example sentences
  • Do not run down the rear of the leg when nearing the hock as it is easy to cut the hamstring and cause lameness.
  • They can go to the neck and slice the jugular vein and carotid artery; they can cut the hamstring above the hock; they can cut the band on top of the neck.

verb (past and past participle hamstrung)

[with object] Back to top  
1Cripple (a person or animal) by cutting their hamstrings.
More example sentences
  • He hammered the remnants of his blade into the chest of the one who shattered it, and jumped to avoid a swipe that would have hamstrung him.
  • Squall pushed aside the chair that Mathers was trying to hamstring him with.
Synonyms
1.1Severely restrict the efficiency or effectiveness of: we were hamstrung by a total lack of knowledge
More example sentences
  • His ability to bring reform to Brazil will be hamstrung by budget restrictions
  • Its construction has been hamstrung by numerous delays and corruption scandals.
  • But our currency is hamstrung by severe structural distortions in both the economic and financial spheres.
Synonyms
handicap, constrain, restrict, cripple, shackle, fetter, encumber, block, frustrate, cramp, bridle; hamper, hinder, obstruct, impede, inhibit, retard, baulk, thwart, foil, curb, delay, set back, slow down, hold back, hold up; restrain, check, curtail
informal stymie
North American informal bork
literary trammel
rare cumber

Origin

16th century: from ham1 + string.

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