Denoting true porcelain made of fusible and infusible materials (usually kaolin and china stone) fired at a high temperature. Developed in early medieval China, it was not made in Europe until the early 18th century.
- The export of hard-paste porcelain until the middle of the eighteenth century was a virtual Chinese monopoly, although Japan also produced a certain amount of porcelain.
- The following year Augustus established the Meissen porcelain manufactory, which dominated the production of hard-paste porcelain in Europe for many years.
- In 1787 the count hired Pierre Cloostermans, a Flemish ceramic painter living in Paris, to continue making creamware and to develop a formula for hard-paste porcelain.
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