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harzburgite Line breaks: harz¦burg|ite
Pronunciation: /ˈhɑːtsbəːˌɡʌɪt/

Definition of harzburgite in English:


[mass noun] Geology
A plutonic rock of the peridotite group consisting largely of orthopyroxene and olivine.
Example sentences
  • The peridotite is dominantly serpentinized harzburgite, ranging from fresh to 70% altered, with minor pyroxenite, dunite and chromite pods.
  • The lowermost rocks are serpentinized dunite and harzburgite, which are best exposed in the NE of the ophiolite.
  • Stratigraphically from bottom to top it is composed of sheared serpentinite on the basal thrust, layered harzburgitedunite, layered dunite with chromitite, and harzburgite with finegrained gabbro.


Late 19th century: from Harzburg, the name of a town in Germany, + -ite1.

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