An ancient language of NW Anatolia, spoken in the 3rd millennium bc, in which a few cuneiform tablets survive, some bilingual with Hittite. It was neither an Indo-European nor a Semitic language, but it had a strong influence on the vocabulary of Hittite, which eventually displaced it.
- Many believe Ubykh descended from Hattic, an ancient language that flourished in modern-day Turkey until Indo-European Hittite largely displaced it.
- Cuneiform writing was also applied to several local languages, like Hurrian in northern Mesopotamia, Syria and Asia Minor; Eblaite in Syria;, Hittite, Luwian, Palaic and Hattic in Asia Minor; and Urartian in Armenia.
- Since Hattic continued to be used in the Hittite kingdom for religious purposes, and there is substantial continuity between the two cultures, it is not known whether the Hattic speakers - the Hattians - were displaced by the speakers of Hittite, were absorbed by them, or just adopted their language.
Relating to Hattic.
- The Hattic language (zõjuk Chader) constitutes a separate branch of the Indo-European family, which can be divided into satem and kentum languages.
- To begin with, local Hattic deities predominated, but with the political and military expansion of the Hittite world, the divine ranks of the pantheon were swelled by new members, many of whom were gods of the city states and kingdoms that had succumbed to the military might of Hatti.
- With the Hattic poems known from the Hittite capital (Kingship in Heaven and Song of Ullikummi = Kumarbi Cycle), any original ritual context may have been lost when these poems were imported to the Hittite world, transforming them into purely literary works.
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