Definition of horizontal gene transfer in English:

Share this entry

horizontal gene transfer

noun

[mass noun]
The acquisition by an organism of genetic information by transfer, for example via the agency of a virus, from an organism that is not its parent and is typically a member of a different species.
Example sentences
  • For genes that are present in only a few species, it is a priori more difficult to discriminate between horizontal gene transfer to multiple species and extensive loss of the gene in many lineages.
  • Another source of variation in codon usage is horizontal gene transfer, as the transferred genes tend to have a codon usage different from that of the host organism.
  • The past decade has produced an increasing number of reports on horizontal gene transfer between prokaryotic organisms.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: hori|zon¦tal gene trans|fer

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.