1A rationalist outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters.
- The roots of ethnology lay, in turn, in the traditions of natural history, moral philosophy and humanism.
- This has something to do with humanism, and humanist rationality.
- Teaching humanism would be one important step towards ensuring that school education reflects their views.
1.1 (often Humanism) A Renaissance cultural movement which turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman thought.
- Renaissance humanism gradually replaced the medieval scholastic tradition from which it emerged.
- Of the forces springing from the European Renaissance, humanism and the influence of classical learning came first.
- If there is any one aspect of the Renaissance that can be said to have been characteristic, that must surely be the movement known as humanism.
1.2(Among some contemporary writers) a system of thought criticized as being centred on the notion of the rational, autonomous self and ignoring the conditioned nature of the individual.
- Historically, however, this tension has been a highly creative one, helping develop both a more rational humanism and a science of humanity compelled to address the exceptional character of human nature.
- Enlightenment humanism freed the individual from the status quo of natural identity, allowing humanity to reach beyond self, to change rather than simply be.
- The ideology that did most to sustain capitalism was humanism, the belief in man as the free, autonomous origin of history.
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