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hypertrophy Line breaks: hyper|trophy
Pronunciation: /hʌɪˈpəːtrəfi/

Definition of hypertrophy in English:


[mass noun] Physiology
The enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells: the hypertrophy of the muscle fibres
More example sentences
  • Many risk factors for coronary artery disease also are predictors of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diabetes mellitus.
  • It leads to left ventricular hypertrophy and increased connective tissue content, both of which decrease cardiac compliance.
  • Cardiac hypertrophy - the enlargement of the heart muscle cells - can be fatal.


Pronunciation: /hʌɪpəˈtrɒfɪk/
Example sentences
  • Dobutamine is contraindicated in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
  • Patients with dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are at increased risk for perioperative heart failure.
  • The most common anomalies are hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies.
Pronunciation: /hʌɪˈpəːtrəfɪd/
Example sentences
  • Athletes with hypertrophied muscles may be prone to develop this problem if they have the underlying popliteal arterial anatomy.
  • The right ventricle was markedly hypertrophied and dilated, consistent with severe cor pulmonale.
  • This was confirmed at excision biopsy, which also identified the hypertrophied vessel cut during the procedure.


Mid 19th century: from hyper- 'beyond, exceeding' + Greek -trophia 'nourishment'.

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