Share this entry

Share this page

hypertrophy

Line breaks: hyper|trophy
Pronunciation: /hʌɪˈpəːtrəfi
 
/

Definition of hypertrophy in English:

noun

[mass noun] Physiology
The enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells: the hypertrophy of the muscle fibres
More example sentences
  • Many risk factors for coronary artery disease also are predictors of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diabetes mellitus.
  • It leads to left ventricular hypertrophy and increased connective tissue content, both of which decrease cardiac compliance.
  • Cardiac hypertrophy - the enlargement of the heart muscle cells - can be fatal.

Origin

mid 19th century: from hyper- 'beyond, exceeding' + Greek -trophia 'nourishment'.

Derivatives

hypertrophic

1
Pronunciation: /hʌɪpəˈtrɒfɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Dobutamine is contraindicated in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
  • Patients with dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are at increased risk for perioperative heart failure.
  • The most common anomalies are hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies.

hypertrophied

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • Athletes with hypertrophied muscles may be prone to develop this problem if they have the underlying popliteal arterial anatomy.
  • The right ventricle was markedly hypertrophied and dilated, consistent with severe cor pulmonale.
  • This was confirmed at excision biopsy, which also identified the hypertrophied vessel cut during the procedure.

Definition of hypertrophy in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day vicarious
Pronunciation: vɪˈkɛːrɪəs
adjective
experienced in the imagination through another person's feelings…