Share this entry

Share this page

hypothalamus

Line breaks: hypo|thal¦amus
Pronunciation: /ˌhʌɪpə(ʊ)ˈθaləməs
 
/

Definition of hypothalamus in English:

noun (plural hypothalami /-mʌɪ/)

Anatomy
A region of the forebrain below the thalamus which coordinates both the autonomic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary, controlling body temperature, thirst, hunger, and other homeostatic systems, and involved in sleep and emotional activity.
Example sentences
  • The brain also links with endocrine gland chemical messengers through the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • The central structure of the brain contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland.
  • Normally the hypothalamus coordinates the activity of the pituitary gland through the secretion of peptides and amines.

Derivatives

hypothalamic

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • And oestriol is a measure of the function of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, or the HPA axis in the foetus.
  • Amygdaloid nuclei and the hypothalamic structures are known to have intimate functional relationships.
  • Common nervous system manifestations include facial palsies, and hypothalamic and pituitary lesions.

Definition of hypothalamus in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day boscage
Pronunciation: ˈbɒskɪdʒ
noun
a mass of trees or shrubs