Definition of ideology in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˌʌɪdɪˈɒlədʒi/


1 (plural ideologies) A system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy: the ideology of republicanism
More example sentences
  • If I'm a realist, that means I think judges ought to decide cases on the basis of my political ideology.
  • The term Libertarian stands for a political ideology that basis itself on freedom.
  • Finally, a political party is the convergence of a group of people based on their political ideals and ideologies.
1.1The set of beliefs characteristic of a social group or individual: a critique of bourgeois ideology
More example sentences
  • Other readings of the text will be based on individuals' contexts and ideologies.
  • But these social ideologies were united in their underlying belief that economic progress was the way to go.
  • He discusses how the readers of crime fiction are caught up in the middle-class ideologies of the individual.
2 [mass noun] archaic The science of ideas; the study of their origin and nature.
Example sentences
  • It was this discipline that he described as ideology - literally, the science of ideas.
  • Jyishu had studied environmental politics and ideology in college, and had spent a brief spell working on the conservation parks in the Amazon.
2.1 archaic Visionary speculation, especially of an unrealistic or idealistic nature.
Example sentences
  • Now the other, perhaps rather obvious point that Jameson raises, is the relation between fantasy and ideology.
  • We have to resist engagement in the concoction of large inspiriting narratives, because they so easily seduce in fantasy or ideology.



Pronunciation: /ˌʌɪdɪˈɒlədʒɪst/
Example sentences
  • Their theoreticians and ideologists also reduce civilizations to culture, cultures to religion, and religions to inherently incompatible archetypal constants that vie, clash, and struggle with and against each other.
  • As a politician, Allende always exhibited a Marxist orientation, but he excelled as a practitioner rather than an ideologist or intellectual.
  • As a composer, Mahler, undoubtedly one of the most original artists of his time, was an intellectual and a powerful ideologist.


Late 18th century (in sense 2): from French idéologie, from Greek idea 'form, pattern' + -logos (denoting discourse or compilation).

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