noun (plural ileostomies)
1A surgical operation in which a damaged part is removed from the ileum and the cut end diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall.
- Mucosal atrophy may result when dietary sources of fatty acids are lacking or when the fecal stream is diverted by an ileostomy or colostomy.
- In young children, depending on how much bowel was removed, ileostomy or colostomy is often a temporary condition that can later be reversed with another operation.
- This is more common in patients who have not undergone a temporary diverting ileostomy.
1.1An opening formed by an ileostomy.
- An ileostomy is a surgically formed opening into the lower part of the small intestine (the ileum), which is then brought out through the abdominal wall creating a mouth or opening known as a stoma.
- Diarrhea is more common in patients with ileostomies and proximal colostomies, and patients may not appreciate that fluid outputs are normal in these cases because of the loss of water absorption from the colon.
- Typically, patients return to the hospital after approximately three months to have the temporary ileostomy taken down to restore bowel continuity.
Late 19th century: from ileum + Greek stoma 'mouth'.
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