Commander (a title conferred under the Republic on a victorious general and under the Empire on the emperor).
- Augustus Caesar had been imperator of the Roman Empire for more than twenty years.
- He wore the robe, crown, and scepter of a triumphant general and used the title imperator.
- The Senate of ancient Rome, another republic with imperial entanglements, entrusted war-making to a commander-in-chief, the imperator or emperor, whose office became all-powerful, hereditary, and its holder a living god.
Latin, from imperare 'to order, command'.
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