Definition of inequality in English:


Line breaks: in|equal|ity
Pronunciation: /ɪnɪˈkwɒlɪti

noun (plural inequalities)

[mass noun]
  • 1Difference in size, degree, circumstances, etc.; lack of equality: social inequality [count noun]: the widening inequalities in income
    More example sentences
    • The free market program implemented by successive governments has widened social inequality to an unprecedented degree.
    • Our results indicate that cross-country differences in income inequality alone does not explain for much of the variations in child labour worldwide.
    • The underlying cause of growing discontent is the enormous degree of social inequality that has resulted from the introduction of capitalism in the former Soviet Union.
  • 1.1 Mathematics The relation between two expressions that are not equal, employing a sign such as ≠ ‘not equal to’, > ‘greater than’, or < ‘less than’.
  • 1.2 [count noun] Mathematics A symbolic expression of the fact that two quantities are not equal.
    More example sentences
    • His early work was on number theory and he wrote on Diophantine inequalities and the geometry of numbers.
    • He studied inequalities and geometry and measure theory, particularly working in this area with Besicovitch.
    • In fact he is remembered for Farkas theorem which is used in linear programming and also for his work on linear inequalities.


late Middle English: from Old French inequalite, or from Latin inaequalitas, from in- 'not' + aequalis (see equal).

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