Definition of initial in English:

initial

Line breaks: ini|tial
Pronunciation: /ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)l
 
/

adjective

[attributive]
1Existing or occurring at the beginning: our initial impression was favourable
More example sentences
  • They want to see if the initial, favorable impression was justified.
  • The initial impression is of a tiny, brilliantly painted chapel.
  • There were 1,703 initial claims by newly discharged veterans, an increase of 9 from the preceding week.
Synonyms
1.1(Of a letter) at the beginning of a word: the witness was identified simply by an initial letter initial consonants
More example sentences
  • This simple activity helps students focus on initial letters in words in both languages.
  • In Experiment 2, we found that the initial letter of the solution word was no better as a cue than either the middle or last letter.
  • In PDF files particularly, initial letters may be separated from the rest of the word.

noun

(usually initials) Back to top  
The first letter of a name or word, typically a person’s given name or a word forming part of a phrase: they carved their initials into the desktops
More example sentences
  • It would have been helpful to have each man's name or initials before each letter.
  • Bach concluded all his works with the letters AMDG - the initials of the Latin words meaning ‘To the greater glory of God’.
  • Robert's wife Susan said that the irons had such a positive effect that they gave someone who used them a good hair day - the initials of this phrase then became the company's name.
Synonyms
initial letter, beginning letter; (initials)abbreviation, acronym, initialism

verb (initials, initialling, initialled; US initialing, initialed)

[with object] Back to top  
1Mark or sign (a document) with one’s initials in order to authorize or validate it: the man initialled the three warrants see that your client initials all alterations
More example sentences
  • Jones read over and initialled or signed the document.
  • Please initial any alterations you make thereafter signing the statement of truth at the end.
  • This document, which he signed and initialed, reads as follows.
Synonyms
put one's initials on, sign, countersign, autograph, endorse, put one's mark on, inscribe, superscribe, witness
archaic underwrite
1.1Agree to or ratify (a treaty or contract) by signing it: Greece and the United States initialled a new defence cooperation agreement
More example sentences
  • The PA Supervisory Board's decision came as a surprise to foreign investors and the public in Bulgaria, after the PA initialled the draft contract with Viva Ventures.
  • The Tlicho Agreement was initialled Sept. 4 by the chief negotiators of the Dogrib Treaty 11 council, the government of the Northwest Territories and the government of Canada.
  • Raul Castro initialed a draft treaty with the Soviet Defense Minister that governed the deployment of Soviet forces to Cuba.
Synonyms

Origin

early 16th century: from Latin initialis, from initium 'beginning', from inire 'go in', from in- 'into' + ire 'go'.

Definition of initial in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day animalcule
Pronunciation: ˌanɪˈmalkjuːl
noun
a microscopic animal