Definition of inositol in English:


Line breaks: in|osi¦tol
Pronunciation: /ʌɪˈnəʊsɪtɒl


[mass noun] Biochemistry
  • A simple carbohydrate which occurs in animal and plant tissue and is a vitamin of the B group.
    • Alternative name: hexahydroxycyclohexane; chemical formula: C6H12O6
    More example sentences
    • Betaine, along with choline, methionine, vitamin B12, and inositol, were first known for their ability to protect against the development of fatty liver in animals as early as 1954.
    • Molecules with phosphorylated inositol are termed polyphosphoinositides.
    • In the intact plant, inositol is synthesized in the leaf in response to salinization, and transported to the root in phloem.


late 19th century: from the earlier name inosite + -ol.

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