Definition of instrument in English:

instrument

Line breaks: in¦stru|ment
Pronunciation: /ˈɪnstrʊm(ə)nt
 
/

noun

1A tool or implement, especially one for precision work: a surgical instrument instruments of torture writing instruments
More example sentences
  • The use of robotics in medicine allows for unprecedented control and precision of surgical instruments in minimally invasive procedures.
  • I am a surgeon, so my tools are my surgical instruments.
  • Well, they are holding a pen fair, from April 19 to April 21, to showcase a plethora of pens and writing instruments.
Synonyms
2A measuring device used to gauge the level, position, speed, etc. of something, especially a motor vehicle or aircraft: a new instrument for measuring ozone levels myriad instruments and switches
More example sentences
  • In low visibility, they help guide pilots to the runway as we transition from flying on the aircraft's instruments to a visual landing.
  • The group will use an accousticom instrument to measure radiation levels in and around homes.
  • Test aircraft are well covered, along with other, usually neglected, topics such as manufacturing and aircraft instruments.
Synonyms
measuring device, gauge, meter, measure; indicator, dial, display
3 (also musical instrument) An object or device for producing musical sounds: the value of learning to play a musical instrument the musicians started tuning their instruments a percussion instrument
More example sentences
  • The multi-talented performer plays an array of instruments including piano, guitar, bass, trumpet and saxophone.
  • I'm rooted in acoustic instruments like upright piano and violin, so my keyboard was the first electronic thing I'd ever used.
  • In common with most percussion instruments, the piano is incapable of producing continuous notes.
4A means of pursuing an aim: the failure of education as an instrument of social reform
More example sentences
  • Both have committed themselves to developing education as an instrument of social change.
  • The decay of American liberalism as a credible instrument of social reform can be traced all the way back to the first decades of the twentieth century.
  • The court was laden with judges who believe strongly in judicial activism - liberally interpreting the law so that it can be used an instrument of social reform.
Synonyms
4.1A person who is exploited or made use of: he was a mere instrument acting under coercion
More example sentences
  • ‘No one is a mere instrument, no one a serf,’ said Friedrich Schiller.
  • The worker no longer sees himself as a mere instrument for fulfilling the needs of the entrepreneur.
  • The man took command in the home also; the woman was degraded and reduced to servitude; she became a mere instrument for the production of children.
Synonyms
5A formal or legal document: execution involves signature and unconditional delivery of the instrument
More example sentences
  • The Magna Carta is often regarded as one of the first instruments which documented due process.
  • Without the ability to resort to formal regulatory and legal instruments, the Japanese bureaucracy could guide but could not lead.
  • The result is that if the memorandum were to have any effect at all, it had to be as a testamentary instrument, and not as document creating an inter vivos trust.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Equip (something) with measuring instruments: engineers have instrumented rockets to study the upper atmosphere a DC-8 aircraft instrumented as a flying laboratory
More example sentences
  • For Protocol 4, animals were instrumented before delivery to measure pulmonary artery pressure and left atrial pressure.
  • In this study, 12 animals were instrumented as in the mechanical ventilation study, but in addition, both hindlimbs were immobilized.
  • Numerous challenges arise in instrumenting any field test to acquire the data necessary for specific test measures.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin instrumentum 'equipment, implement', from the verb instruere 'construct, equip'.

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