Definition of irritate in English:

irritate

Line breaks: ir¦ri|tate
Pronunciation: /ˈɪrɪteɪt
 
/

verb

[with object]
  • 2Cause inflammation or other discomfort in (a part of the body): sprays and polishes can irritate dry, sensitive skin
    More example sentences
    • The top of the femoral canal may be reinforced by a mesh made of a synthetic material that does not irritate the body.
    • Without the protection of the eyelid, the inside of the eyelid and the surface of your eye may become dry, irritated and inflamed.
    • Every single square inch of your body is irritated.
    Synonyms
    inflame, aggravate; hurt, pain; chafe, abrade, fret, gall, rub painfully, rub against, scratch, rasp, scrape, graze, grate
    rare excoriate
  • 2.1 Biology Stimulate (an organism, cell, or organ) to produce an active response.
    More example sentences
    • The implanted electrodes may irritate the snake to such an extent that it may never reach basal condition.

Derivatives

irritative

adjective
More example sentences
  • Irritated eyes: as the name suggests, it implies dry eyes, burning eyes, light sensitivity, eyestrain are the most pesky and irritative symptoms that trouble the computer user.
  • In our recent studies, we found that exposure to petrochemical air pollution is associated with increased rates of acute irritative symptoms in adults.
  • Other presentations include irritative voiding, discharge of mucous blood or pus from the umbilicus, and obstructive symptoms.

irritator

noun
More example sentences
  • The Kings and the Lakers got involved in a scuffle following the actions of two of the biggest irritators.
  • I bombed into French in a perky mood; not even Eric (the class irritator) could being me down that day.

Origin

mid 16th century (in the sense 'excite, provoke'): from Latin irritat- 'irritated', from the verb irritare.

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