A Christian movement of the 17th and 18th centuries, based on Jansen’s writings and characterized by moral rigour and asceticism.
- Few would now dispute that Jansenism, originally an austere Augustinian movement, was one of the most significant intellectual influences of the age.
- Bitter quarrels over the bull Unigenitus, promulgated in 1713 against Jansenism, lasted half a century, and only died down in the late 1760s.
- Many who did believe were influenced by the heresy of Jansenism, which taught that human nature is depraved and that Jesus died to save only a chosen few.
- Example sentences
- Above all, the Augustinian denial of human capacity for perfectibility had, especially among Jansenists and Calvinists, representatives against whom the Enlightenment was in sharp reaction.
- The peace of the church intended to lay them to rest therefore lasted barely more than a decade, and by the early 1680s leading Jansenists, like the Huguenots they loved to denounce, were leaving for exile beyond the king's reach.
- During the 1750s French Huguenots suffered the last great wave of state-sponsored persecution, and Jansenists within the Gallican Church fared little better.
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