Definition of Jerusalem artichoke in English:

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Jerusalem artichoke

Pronunciation: /dʒəruːsələmˈɑːtɪtʃəʊk/


1A knobbly edible tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable.
Example sentences
  • I also grow a successful variety of vegetables including Jerusalem artichokes, courgettes, beans and pumpkins.
  • It comes as no real surprise, however, that onions are the most popular vegetables, and Jerusalem artichokes the least popular.
  • Those searching for ingredients for home-made soups might like to pick up some knobbly Jerusalem artichokes.
2The tall North American plant, closely related to the sunflower, which produces this tuber.
  • Helianthus tuberosus, family Compositae
Example sentences
  • When sunflower was crossed with Jerusalem artichoke, F 1 hybrid plants carried 51 chromosomes and showed reduced pollen fertility.
  • Prebiotics can be found in plants like Jerusalem artichokes, tomatoes, bananas, garlic, barley and wheat.
  • In fact, every crop in North America other than the blueberry, Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower and squash has its origins elsewhere.


Early 17th century: Jerusalem, alteration of Italian girasole 'sunflower'.

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