Definition of kinase in English:

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kinase

Pronunciation: /ˈkʌɪneɪz/

noun

[usually with modifier] Biochemistry
An enzyme that catalyses the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to a specified molecule.
Example sentences
  • In general, protein kinases are enzymes that phosphorylate proteins, which then become activated.
  • Protein kinases turn on other enzymes by a chemical reaction called phosphorylation that adds phosphate tags to proteins.
  • The consequence of these mutations is a cascade phosphorylation of certain serine/threonine protein kinases.

Origin

Early 20th century: from Greek kinein 'to move' + -ase.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: kin¦ase

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