Definition of komatiite in English:

komatiite

Line breaks: ko¦mati|ite
Pronunciation: /kəˈmatɪʌɪt
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Geology
  • A magnesium-rich extrusive rock, typically with a characteristic texture of criss-crossing olivine crystals.
    More example sentences
    • This rhythmic layering is common within komatiite flows at Kambalda, and is inferred to reflect incremental emplacement by endogenous growth.
    • The nature and distribution of vesicles in thick komatiite flows indicates two stages of vesiculation.
    • Alternative origins include secondary influx due to devolatization, physical incorporation, and/or thermal incorporation of sediment resulting from komatiite lava flow on hydrous sediments.

Derivatives

komatiitic

adjective
More example sentences
  • Massive to pillowed tholeiitic basalt, komatiitic basalt and ultramafic rocks form a series of partly overlapping lensoidal bodies with typical sigmoidal outcrop patterns.
  • The Reliance flow fields and associated sills are considered to represent, respectively, the volcanic and subvolcanic phases of komatiitic sill-flow complexes, each about 100 km in diameter, scattered across the craton.
  • The widespread but discontinuous Reliance unit comprises a series of essentially discrete komatiitic flow fields that are submarine in most regions but partly emergent at Belingwe.

Origin

1960s: from Komati (the name of a river in southern Africa) + -ite1.

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