Definition of kulak in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈkuːlak/


A peasant in Russia wealthy enough to own a farm and hire labour. Emerging after the emancipation of serfs in the 19th century the kulaks resisted Stalin’s forced collectivization, but millions were arrested, exiled, or killed.
Example sentences
  • Many in the party were now convinced that kulaks were holding the country to ransom.
  • I remember the despair of educated land owners who had become dispossessed kulaks.
  • The killing of the kulaks was the practical application of Marxist epistemology.


Russian, literally 'fist, tight-fisted person', from Turkic ḳol 'hand'.

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