noun (plural same or lanternfishes)
A deep-sea fish that has light organs on its body, seen chiefly when it rises to the surface at night.
- Family Myctophidae: several genera and species.
- Midwater species, such as lanternfishes, hatchetfishes and dragonfishes have rows of lights along the underside of the body, probably for mating and identification as well as foraging.
- The Galaxoidea, in turn, are paraphyletic and contain the Stomiiformes (lanternfishes) which are often regarded as part of the Stenopterygii.
- Ayres found a lanternfish at Old Man's Harbor ‘rolled and chafed by the tide’ on 31 October 1841.
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