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lithify

Line breaks: lith|ify
Pronunciation: /ˈlɪθɪfʌɪ
 
/

Definition of lithify in English:

verb (lithifies, lithifying, lithified)

[with object] chiefly Geology
Transform (a sediment or other material) into stone: these sediments are lithified to form shales, limestones, and sandstones
More example sentences
  • Another strong argument against the mammoth death-in-the-Flood hypothesis is that the Beringian animals are buried in unconsolidated surficial sediments overlying lithified sedimentary rocks.
  • Low-strain deformation of many natural rocks, both unlithified sediments and lithified sedimentary rocks, occurs by strain localization in dilatant joints or in shear bands that can dilate or compact.
  • This sediment was locally lithified to form thin hard grounds, presumably at times of non-sedimentation or significantly reduced sedimentation.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek lithos 'stone' + -fy.

Derivatives

lithification

1
noun
Example sentences
  • These differences could be related to variation in degree of lithification of the overburden, causing it to collapse vertically rather than with more gentle downsagging.
  • An alternative mechanism involves lithification by magnesium calcite, aragonite, or dolomite brought about by the subsurface mixing of sea water with fresh waters draining from the land.
  • Bands of sheared sandstone, mudstone, and conglomerate locally form broken units indicating deformation prior to full lithification of sediment, consistent with an accretionary complex origin.

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