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lithotripsy

Line breaks: litho|tripsy
Pronunciation: /ˈlɪθəˌtrɪpsi
 
/

Definition of lithotripsy in English:

noun

[mass noun] Surgery
A treatment, typically using ultrasound shock waves, by which a kidney stone or other calculus is broken into small particles that can be passed out by the body.
Example sentences
  • Mechanical percussion techniques have been used therapeutically after shock wave lithotripsy to dislodge such calculi from the lower pole of the kidney.
  • Such procedures include magnetic resonance imaging, which is often used to evaluate internal organs, and extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy, which uses shock waves to break up large kidney stones.
  • For proximal ureteric stones, shock wave lithotripsy is useful if the stone is less than 1 cm in size, and ureteroscopy is more successful for stones larger than 1 cm.

Origin

mid 19th century: from litho- 'of stone' + Greek tripsis 'rubbing', from tribein 'to rub'.

Derivatives

lithotripter

1
(also lithotriptor) noun
Example sentences
  • They were delighted when they were able to break up the stone with the electrohydraulic lithotriptor.
  • Large or hard stones can be crushed with a mechanical lithotripter.
  • Maybe the atropine, lithotriptors and triggers are for something else entirely.

lithotriptic

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • The fresh seed pulp is astringent, narcotic, lithotriptic and expectorant.

Definition of lithotripsy in:

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