A flattened bloodsucking fly which may have reduced or absent wings and typically spends much of its life on one individual of the host species.
- Family Hippoboscidae: several genera.
- Haemoproteus species are transmitted by biting midges (Citlicoides spp.; Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and louse flies (Diptera: Hippoboscidae).
- These flies are also called louse flies and are ectoparasites on birds and mammals.
- Other louse flies overwinter as puparia presumably on or under the surface of the soil.
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