A slender-bodied chiefly aquatic salamander native to America and southern Europe. Having neither lungs nor gills, it breathes through the skin and lining of the mouth.
- Family Plethodontidae: numerous genera, including Plethodon (the American woodland salamanders) and Hydromantes (two European species).
- The Korean crevice salamander is the only lungless salamander between Italy and British Columbia, Wake said, and it split off from the aquatic salamanders common in Korea at least 175 million years ago.
- Representing more than half of all known salamander species, with new species being discovered yearly, the lungless salamanders are found throughout the northeastern U.S., and on the west coast of North America.
- They are probably sister to the plethodontids, but are nevertheless rather distantly related to that diverse family of lungless salamanders.
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