(also Machupo virus)
noun[mass noun] Medicine
A South American arenavirus carried by rodents, which causes a rare form of haemorrhagic fever in humans.
- After months of investigation, US government isolated the Machupo virus from the Arenavirus family as the cause of the outbreaks.
- The etiologic agent, Machupo virus, is a member of the family Arenaviridae and is maintained in the rodent C. callosus, the natural reservoir.
- The infant hamster appears to be the most sensitive host system thus far devised for detection of naturally occurring strains of Machupo virus.
1960s: from the name of the River Machupo in Bolivia, where the disease was first recognized.
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