Definition of magnitude in English:

magnitude

Line breaks: mag¦ni|tude
Pronunciation: /ˈmagnɪtjuːd
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
  • 2Size: electorates of less than average magnitude
    More example sentences
    • Asset deflation of this magnitude for the average American is thus very painful.
    • The magnitude of all species activity at the still water site on Brier Island was one-third the average magnitude of activity at still water sites at Kejimkujik National Park.
    • This correlation may have been increased when few extreme animals per family were selected, because the average magnitude of residual effects was likely increased.
    Synonyms
    size, extent, measure, proportions, dimensions, breadth, volume, weight, quantity, mass, bulk; amplitude, capacity, strength, degree, gauge, measurement, extension
  • 2.1 [count noun] A numerical quantity or value: the magnitudes of all the economic variables could be determined
    More example sentences
    • Determining meaningful qualitative values for the magnitudes of quantities is a difficult task when building qualitative models about populations.
    • He proposed the use of a graph for plotting a variable magnitude whose value depends on another variable.
    • The level of the moral and psychological state is calculated as an arithmetic mean value of the magnitudes of the corresponding indicators with account taken of their weight coefficients.
    Synonyms
    value, index, indicator, measure, norm, order, quantity, number, vector, figure
  • 3The degree of brightness of a star, as represented by a number on a logarithmic scale: [count noun]: the brightest stars have the lowest magnitudes
    More example sentences
    • Mars now appears as a moderately bright yellowish-orange star of magnitude + 1.2.
    • At midmonth the ringed planet appears as a bright yellow-white ‘star’ shining at magnitude 0.3.
    • It appears as a very bright yellowish-white ‘star’ shining at magnitude 0.1 at midmonth.
    Synonyms
  • 3.1 [count noun] The class into which a star falls by virtue of its brightness: a star of the fifth magnitude
    More example sentences
    • Neither fish is brightly illuminated, with only three of the constellation stars appearing slightly brighter than 4th magnitude.
    • Cancer is a constellation with few stars, none brighter than 4th magnitude.
    • Labrum, though only 4th magnitude, is the brightest.
  • 3.2 [count noun] A difference of one on a scale of brightness, treated as a unit of measurement: a range of a tenth of a magnitude
    More example sentences
    • Mercury will be positioned above and to the right of Saturn on the evening of May 6 and will appear nearly one full magnitude brighter.

Phrases

of the first magnitude

see first.

Origin

late Middle English (also in the sense 'greatness of character'): from Latin magnitudo, from magnus 'great'.

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