- 1 (Mandarin or Mandarin Chinese) [mass noun] The standard literary and official form of Chinese, spoken by over 730 million people.More example sentences
- After the fall of the Manchu dynasty in 1911, in place of Classical Chinese, the new Republican government made the most widely spoken dialect, Mandarin Chinese, the official written language.
- This question is significant because Ruan built her career in the era of silent films, and she herself does not even speak very standard Mandarin Chinese.
- Influenced by Han culture, most Yao people can speak and write Mandarin Chinese.
- 2An official in any of the nine top grades of the former imperial Chinese civil service.More example sentences
- But civil service mandarins already have their defences prepared if they are called before the inquiry to be headed by Lord Fraser.
- A French philosopher had more in common with a Chinese mandarin than with his barbaric Frankish ancestors in the Dark Ages.
- And the spoken Chinese uttered by the Qing emperors' officials and the court mandarins in Beijing was none other than the Beijing dialect.
- 2.1 [as modifier] (Of clothing) characteristic of a former Chinese mandarin: a red-buttoned mandarin capMore example sentences
- But we had come to partake, and we were ushered into the Chrysanthemum Palace to be met by smiling waiters in red mandarin coats.
- O'Neill, dapper in his mandarin suit and collarless white shirt, does not look like the rushing blur of today's press men.
- The refined and leisured lifestyle from the 1920s and 1930s can be relived when viewers appreciate the varied designs of their mandarin gowns and the way they made themselves up.
- 3A powerful official or senior bureaucrat, especially one perceived as reactionary and secretive: a civil service mandarinMore example sentences
- To many British people, the idea of a mandarin or senior civil servant will forever be associated with Sir Humphrey Appleby.
- One minister did so, and claims to have been told by a senior mandarin that it was ‘disconcerting’ for officials to find their minister talking independently to outside sources of advice.
- On front after front, bureaucratic mandarins are deciding how everyday Europeans will live.
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- The native mandarinate organized a rebellion against the French and were supported by Chinese regulars and irregulars.
- The Chinese mandarinate did differ substantially from the Japanese samurai class.
- But these do not come initially out of the legal mandarinate, which tends to be locked into the old ways.
late 16th century (denoting a Chinese official): from Portuguese mandarim, via Malay from Hindi mantrī 'counsellor'.
- 1A small flattish citrus fruit with a loose yellow-orange skin.More example sentences
- Tangerines are actually a type of mandarin orange as are clementines, but here in the US, the names are used interchangeably.
- In addition to my astounding mental powers, my most notable physical accomplishment is that I can put an entire mandarin orange in my mouth all in one go.
- The mandarin orange was fine, but the peach and the pear, due to the firmness of the fruit, would get hung up on the equipment and weren't evenly distributed into the product.
- 2The citrus tree that yields the mandarin.
More example sentences
- Citrus reticulata, family Rutaceae
- Hugh had a problem with all the leaves falling off his mandarin tree.
- At last the fruits are ripe on the mandarin tree and you squeeze your first delicious juice from them for breakfast.
- The leaves of the ‘Imperial’ are quite slender and distinguish it from most other mandarins.
late 18th century: from French mandarine; perhaps related to mandarin1, the colour of the fruit being likened to the official's yellow robes.