There are 2 definitions of Mass in English:

Mass

Line breaks: Mass

noun

  • 1The celebration of the Christian Eucharist, especially in the Roman Catholic Church: we went to Mass
    More example sentences
    • Ideal Christmas gifts will be on sale next weekend at all Masses in the Church of the Immaculate Conception.
    • The Masses and other ceremonies in the Church of the Most Holy Rosary this Christmas had full congregations.
    • Preparations for First Holy Communion began at all Masses in the parish church last Sunday week.
  • 1.1A particular celebration of the Eucharist: he pontificated at three Christmas Masses
  • 1.2A musical setting of parts of the liturgy used in the Mass: Bach’s B minor Mass
    More example sentences
    • The main work was the beautiful setting in G Minor of The Mass by Vaughan Williams.
    • The concert ended with a Mass by Bellini in which the organist, choir and soloists gave a magnificent performance.
    • They also played an excerpt from his Mass in C minor, with its haunting Kyrie.

Phrases

hear Mass

Attend a celebration of the Mass without taking communion (especially as the former usual practice of lay Catholics).
More example sentences
  • They were forbidden to hear Mass, forced instead to attend Anglican services, with steep fines for those recusants who persistently refused.
  • In keeping with the custom of the time, the parishioners had heard Mass earlier that Sunday morning, and were attending the later services to complete their devotions for the day.
  • Henry, mirroring the behaviour of Ethelred, heard Mass three times.

Origin

Old English mæsse, from ecclesiastical Latin missa, from Latin miss- 'dismissed', from mittere, perhaps from the last words of the service, Ite, missa est 'Go, it is the dismissal'.

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Word of the day maelstrom
Pronunciation: ˈmeɪlstrəm
noun
a powerful whirlpool in the sea

There are 2 definitions of Mass in English:

mass

Line breaks: mass

noun

  • 1A large body of matter with no definite shape: the sun broke out from behind a mass of clouds
    More example sentences
    • At the opposite end of what passed for the main street of the village, a group of the attackers had gathered, a mass of dark shapes and forms.
    • The townspeople moved as quickly as they could to get back to their homes, and the main street was just a mass of dark forms running and fleeing.
    • The sky was a dome of darkness over their heads, the stars blotted out by a mass of thick, dark clouds.
    Synonyms
    pile, heap, stack, clump, cloud, bunch, bundle, lump; concentration, conglomeration, accumulation, aggregation, concretion, accretion, assemblage, collection, stockpile, build-up
    rare amassment
  • 1.1Any of the main portions in a painting or drawing that each have some unity in colour, lighting, or some other quality: the masterly distribution of masses
    More example sentences
    • The solid background of the Byzantine mosaic forms the most obvious colour mass, against which the figures in a scene are set.
    • His golden glows and ghostly, bluish lights articulate masses more elemental than any particular subject in nature.
    • Her textured masses never seem to be simply formalist constructions, even when viewers don't know her history.
  • 2A large number of people or objects crowded together: a mass of cyclists
    More example sentences
    • From this elevated angle, the crowd looked like a mass of glowing angels doing some sort of celestial dance.
    • He grabbed two wires and then pressed them together, sending a mass of sparks all over the engine.
    • A mass of runners swarmed the roads for one of the towns' biggest yearly events.
    Synonyms
    large number, abundance, profusion, multitude, group, crowd, mob, rabble, horde, barrage, throng, huddle, host, troop, army, herd, flock, drove, swarm, pack, press, crush, mountain, flood
  • 2.1A large amount of material: a mass of conflicting evidence
    More example sentences
    • Sue now provides this, making use of a mass of hitherto unused material.
    • The editor has a mass of material from which the text is now extracted.
    • It is not only encyclopaedias, dictionaries, and libraries that create the illusion of a semblance of order from a mass of chaotic and random materials.
  • 2.2 (masses) • informal A large quantity or amount of something: we get masses of homework
    More example sentences
    • The survey was set up to record masses of quantitative data, as well as qualitative data in the form of written comments.
    • Wonderful scenery, plenty of walks and masses of peace and quiet.
    • He said it was clear that the people needed information which engaged their interest rather than masses of general data.
  • 3 (the mass of) The majority of: the mass of the people think that the problems are caused by government inefficiency
    More example sentences
    • There is considerable disparity of wealth between a small elite and the mass of the population.
    • While shooting was hated by the mass of the rural population, and the Game Laws universally flouted, they took a benign and active interest in the hunt.
    • Many student activists continued to advocate an electoral boycott, a campaign which has fallen on deaf ears among the mass of the population.
    Synonyms
    majority, larger part/number, greater part/number, best/better part, major part, most, bulk, main body, preponderance, almost all, lion's share
  • 3.1 (the masses) The ordinary people: seaside towns that catered for the masses
    More example sentences
    • The revolutionaries have failed so far to mobilize and unite the masses and pious middle classes of most countries.
    • And the masses also defy all caste and communal barriers on such crucial junctions and vote to restore social and national health.
    • You can talk to radicals in Europe and they'll tell you that their agenda is very popular with the masses when, in fact, it's not.
    Synonyms
    the common people, the populace, the public, the people, the multitude, the rank and file, the crowd, the commonalty, the commonality, the third estate, the plebeians
    derogatory the hoi polloi, the mob, the proletariat, the common herd, the rabble, the riff-raff, the canaille, the great unwashed, the ragtag (and bobtail), the proles, the plebs
  • 4 [mass noun] Physics The quantity of matter which a body contains, as measured by its acceleration under a given force or by the force exerted on it by a gravitational field: stellar objects of intermediate mass
    More example sentences
    • Every object with mass exerts a gravitational force.
    • An object with mass creates a gravitational field around itself.
    • The problem is that gravitons carry mass and energy, which are the source of the gravitational field in the first place.
  • 4.1(In general use) weight: multiply the mass of the payload by the distance travelled
    More example sentences
    • We calculated percentage fat mass by dividing fat mass by total weight.
    • This device measures the atomic weight, or mass, as well as the prevalence of various atoms or molecules, and it scans the components one at a time.
    • To calculate the moles of nitrogen in each sample, core segment dry mass was multiplied by its nitrogen percentage and divided by nitrogen's atomic weight.
    Synonyms
    weight, size, magnitude, bulk, dimensions, capacity, density, extent, scope, greatness, bigness, hugeness, amount, matter

adjective

[attributive] Back to top  
  • Involving or affecting large numbers of people or things: the film has mass appeal a mass exodus of refugees
    More example sentences
    • Here conventionality is a contributing factor to the novel's success; these are universal themes with mass appeal.
    • Nearly forty people were in hospital today and a further 50 are believed to be affected by a mass outbreak of food poisoning.
    • Uncertain as to where to go or what to do, they eventually become part of the mass exodus of refugees fleeing for their very lives.
    Synonyms
    wholesale, universal, widespread, general, large-scale, extensive, pandemic

verb

Back to top  
  • Assemble or cause to assemble into a single body or mass: [with object]: both countries began massing troops in the region [no object]: clouds massed heavily on the horizon
    More example sentences
    • In many areas mine warfare is replacing massed armies facing each other across vast plains.
    • In both cases, you have a mobile army massing and maneuvering against static defensive positions.
    • During this performance the assembled pipers and drummers will play together in one massed pipe band.
    Synonyms
    accumulate, assemble, amass, collect, gather, gather together, draw together, join together; marshal, muster, round up, mobilize, rally

Phrases

be a mass of

Be completely covered with: his face was a mass of bruises
More example sentences
  • For the longest time, the cover appeared to be a mass of abstract marks, then suddenly it came clear and two schooners at sea appeared out of the scratches.
  • Her hair is torn out, her face is a mass of bruises and her neck is almost as thick as that of a horse.
  • His shoulders, back, chest, and upper arms were a mass of bruises, some of them accompanied by bleeding scrapes and cuts.

in mass

As a body: men advancing in mass
More example sentences
  • If you look closely at the canvas itself you can see so much beauty in the leaves of green plants, individually and in mass.
  • Here in Doha more than 80 countries came together and negotiated in mass.
  • The seeds that James' dad got us is doing very well, even the peas that were from the previous season are coming up in mass.

in the mass

As a whole: her affection for humanity in the mass
More example sentences
  • Contemporary Americans, in the mass, seem to have lost sight of, and connection with, the past.
  • There had to be minds to perceive ideas, and since only a small minority of our ideas were the products of our own fancy, they had in the mass to have some external cause.
  • Democracies work well, and my hypothesis is that this is because people in the mass have a different kind of intelligence at work.

Derivatives

massless

adjective
More example sentences
  • Even though photons are massless, they still have an equivalent mass because they have energy.
  • For example, Einstein's special relativity theory predicts that massless particles in a vacuum travel at the speed of light and that particles with mass travel more slowly, in a way that can be calculated if we know their mass.
  • Hawking radiation, involving massless virtual particles and particle-antiparticle pairs, for example, may explain mass and radiation leakage from blackholes.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French masse, from Latin massa, from Greek maza 'barley cake'; perhaps related to massein 'knead'.

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