Definition of matron in English:

matron

Line breaks: ma¦tron
Pronunciation: /ˈmeɪtr(ə)n
 
/

noun

1British A woman in charge of domestic and medical arrangements at a boarding school or other institution: she initiated training for matrons of residential homes [as name]: ‘This is preposterous,’ sighed Matron
More example sentences
  • The boarding school matron as sex symbol is alive and well.
  • Inside resided the matron, her two patrons, two daughters, and two sons.
  • It had been arranged that they would stop off at a pub to meet other residents - one who had been travelling in the matron's car and others in a minibus.
1.1British The woman in charge of the nursing in a hospital (the official term is now senior nursing officer): she had been matron of a Belgian Hospital
More example sentences
  • Old-style hospital matrons disappeared from wards as management roles changed in the mid-1970s.
  • A job description has been compiled with help from existing matrons and hospital bosses to provide a consistent approach to the role.
  • Each hospital was to have two matrons who were in charge of obtaining and organizing food stores.
1.2US A female prison officer.
More example sentences
  • In 1843 the gaol had a governor, two turnkeys and two guards but no matron for female prisoners until 1850 when the second stage of the gaol was completed.
  • The prison guards were all male, and there were no matrons for the female prisoners.
  • Society, in the form of the prison matrons, punishes Billie for daring to transgress its most covert laws and moral structures concerning women, especially black women.
2An older married woman, especially one who is staid or dignified: respectable suburban matrons
More example sentences
  • Later, she is presented as a rather dowdy vestal virgin or as an elegant but staid matron demurely working on her embroidery.
  • She died in America in 1773, a respectable matron aged thirty-eight.
  • In its day, her shops attracted royalty, president's wives, society matrons, and thousands of others all over the world.

Origin

late Middle English (in sense 2): from Old French matrone, from Latin matrona, from mater, matr- 'mother'.

Derivatives

matronhood

noun
More example sentences
  • There was a late-middle-aged woman at the next table, a classic Minnesotan female entering matronhood; curly graying hair, sensible glasses, sensible shoes, sensible sweater.
  • His wife is a fine-looking lady approaching matronhood and hating it.

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Word of the day grammarian
Pronunciation: grəˈmɛːrɪən
noun
a person who studies and writes about grammar