Definition of matron in English:


Line breaks: ma¦tron
Pronunciation: /ˈmeɪtr(ə)n


  • 1British A woman in charge of domestic and medical arrangements at a boarding school or other institution: she initiated training for matrons of residential homes [as name]: ‘This is preposterous,’ sighed Matron
    More example sentences
    • The boarding school matron as sex symbol is alive and well.
    • Inside resided the matron, her two patrons, two daughters, and two sons.
    • It had been arranged that they would stop off at a pub to meet other residents - one who had been travelling in the matron's car and others in a minibus.
  • 1.1British The woman in charge of the nursing in a hospital (the official term is now senior nursing officer): she had been matron of a Belgian Hospital
    More example sentences
    • Old-style hospital matrons disappeared from wards as management roles changed in the mid-1970s.
    • A job description has been compiled with help from existing matrons and hospital bosses to provide a consistent approach to the role.
    • Each hospital was to have two matrons who were in charge of obtaining and organizing food stores.
  • 1.2US A female prison officer.
    More example sentences
    • In 1843 the gaol had a governor, two turnkeys and two guards but no matron for female prisoners until 1850 when the second stage of the gaol was completed.
    • The prison guards were all male, and there were no matrons for the female prisoners.
    • Society, in the form of the prison matrons, punishes Billie for daring to transgress its most covert laws and moral structures concerning women, especially black women.
  • 2An older married woman, especially one who is staid or dignified: respectable suburban matrons
    More example sentences
    • Later, she is presented as a rather dowdy vestal virgin or as an elegant but staid matron demurely working on her embroidery.
    • She died in America in 1773, a respectable matron aged thirty-eight.
    • In its day, her shops attracted royalty, president's wives, society matrons, and thousands of others all over the world.



More example sentences
  • There was a late-middle-aged woman at the next table, a classic Minnesotan female entering matronhood; curly graying hair, sensible glasses, sensible shoes, sensible sweater.
  • His wife is a fine-looking lady approaching matronhood and hating it.


late Middle English (in sense 2): from Old French matrone, from Latin matrona, from mater, matr- 'mother'.

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