Definition of medicine in English:

medicine

Line breaks: medi|cine
Pronunciation: /ˈmɛds(ə)n
 
, ˈmɛdɪsɪn
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
1The science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease (in technical use often taken to exclude surgery): he made distinguished contributions to pathology and medicine the remarkable achievements of modern medicine
More example sentences
  • He said they planned to take on extra clinicians in respiratory medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology.
  • The practice of medicine must comply with modern ethical standards.
  • A few of them were practitioners of herbal medicine but most were ordinary, conventional citizens.
Synonyms
medical science, practice of medicine, healing, therapeutics, therapy, treatment, healing art
2A drug or other preparation for the treatment or prevention of disease: give her some medicine [count noun]: your doctor will be able to prescribe medicines
More example sentences
  • Treatments include preventative medicines and those for use in acute attacks.
  • If you remain well while on the medicines, the treatment should be continued.
  • In less urgent cases, treatment by medicines and vitamins may be a better option.
Synonyms
medication, medicament, remedy, cure, nostrum, patent medicine, quack remedy, panacea, cure-all, placebo, drug, prescription, dose, treatment
archaic physic
rare medicinal
3(Among North American Indians and some other peoples) a spell, charm, or fetish believed to have healing, protective, or other power: Fleur was murdering him by use of bad medicine
More example sentences
  • They could be bribed to give you some bad medicine if someone wanted to be rid of you.
  • Every culture had its Shamans, who in turn took on the magic mantle of medicine.

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin medicina, from medicus 'physician'.

Phrases

give someone a dose (or taste) of their own medicine

Give someone the same bad treatment that they have given to others: tired of his humiliation of me, I decided to give him a taste of his own medicine
More example sentences
  • I suggest we out this person and give them a taste of their own medicine.
  • Let's give them a taste of their own medicine then perhaps they may have a less arrogant attitude towards Britain.
  • Weathering the storm, Windermere then picked up the pace and gave Workington a taste of their own medicine.
Synonyms
get even (with), get back at, get, let someone see how it feels, have/get/take one's revenge (on), be revenged (on), revenge oneself (on), hit back (at); even the score (with), settle a/the score, settle accounts (with), get one's own back (on), give as good as one gets, play tit for tat (with), pay someone back, repay, reciprocate, retaliate (against), take reprisals (against), exact retribution (on)
informal give someone their comeuppance

take one's medicine

Submit to punishment as being deserved: cattle thieves would confess their guilt and proudly take their medicine
More example sentences
  • You made a call, acknowledged it was probably wrong and took your medicine with grace.
  • So I took my medicine and I'm on probation now for three years.
  • He had an affair with a blonde teenager but took his medicine and kept his marriage together.
Synonyms
accept one's punishment, take the consequences of one's actions
informal take the rap, take it on the chin

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