Definition of medulla oblongata in English:

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medulla oblongata

Pronunciation: /ˌɒblɒŋˈɡɑːtə/


The continuation of the spinal cord within the skull, forming the lowest part of the brainstem and containing control centres for the heart and lungs.
Example sentences
  • Located at the base of the skull, the medulla oblongata is continuous with the spinal cord at the foramen magnum.
  • Many arterial branches arise from the vertebral and basilar artery to supply the medulla oblongata and the pons.
  • In the lower part of the illustration is the cut surface of the medulla oblongata and a view of the ventral pons from below.


Late 17th century: modern Latin, literally 'elongated medulla'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: me|dulla ob¦lon|gata

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