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microsatellite

Line breaks: micro|sat¦el¦lite
Pronunciation: /ˈmʌɪkrə(ʊ)ˌsatəlʌɪt/

Definition of microsatellite in English:

noun

Genetics
A set of short repeated DNA sequences at a particular locus on a chromosome, which vary in number in different individuals and so can be used for genetic fingerprinting.
Example sentences
  • Thereafter, the DNA sequence of some microsatellites was determined to resolve the following ambiguities.
  • There are also two dinucleotide microsatellites and one mononucleotide microsatellite, all in the first intron.
  • Defects in mismatch repair genes lead to variations in the length of microsatellites, known as microsatellite instability.

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