Definition of midge in English:

Share this entry


Pronunciation: /mɪdʒ/


1A small or minute two-winged fly that forms swarms and breeds near water or marshy areas.
  • The families Chironomidae (the non-biting midges), and Ceratopogonidae (see biting midge): numerous species.
Example sentences
  • Included among the invertebrates are moth flies, wood gnats, midges, punkies, mosquitoes, marsh beetles, and beelike or wasplike syrphid flies.
  • Despite balmy temperatures, you'll need to pack pants, long-sleeved shirts, and, yes, even socks, to fend off the hordes of biting sand fleas and midges on the Tuichi River.
  • A new era of chromosome research began with the detection of giant chromosomes in tissues of Dipteran insects, the midges Bibio and Chironomus, and the fruit fly Drosophila.
1.1 [with modifier] Used in names of other small flies whose larvae can be pests of plants, typically producing galls or damaging leaves.
Example sentences
  • Global warming will result in an explosion of the dreaded west coast midge, delegates to a conference in Glasgow will be told this month.
  • The trio have been cycling around 80 miles per day and they have camped overnight along the way, battling torrential rain, thunderstorms and the infamous swarms of Scottish midges.
2 informal A small person.


Old English mycg(e), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch mug and German Mücke, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin musca and Greek muia 'fly'.

Words that rhyme with midge

abridge, bridge, fridge, ridge

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: midge

Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.