Definition of mitosis in English:

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mitosis

Pronunciation: /mʌɪˈtəʊsɪs/

noun (plural mitoses)

[mass noun] Biology
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth: the single large egg cell subdivides by repeated mitosis [count noun]: each mitosis seems to be associated with an increase in calcium Compare with meiosis.
More example sentences
  • It is generally assumed that DNA chains are randomly segregated to daughter cells during mitosis.
  • Centromeres are essential for the proper segregation of chromosomes at mitosis and meiosis.
  • Counting cells at mitosis or interphase is universally applicable.

Derivatives

mitotic

Pronunciation: /mʌɪˈtɒtɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • This is most likely to be a problem for mutants with a mitotic phenotype.
  • Spermatogonia are the mitotic germ cells of the testis from which sperm arise by spermatogenesis.
  • Only mononuclear protoplasts were capable of complete cell wall regeneration and mitotic division.

Origin

Late 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos 'thread'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: mi|tosis

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