Definition of monosomy in English:

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monosomy

Pronunciation: /ˌmɒnə(ʊ)ˈsəʊmi/

noun

[mass noun] Biology
The condition of having a diploid chromosome complement in which one chromosome lacks its homologous partner.
Example sentences
  • The predominant anomalies in reproductive specimens include trisomy of the autosomes and monosomy of the X chromosome.
  • Both monosomy and trisomy of specific chromosomes are associated with developmental defects and cancer risk.
  • One plant lacked all six chromosome 12 markers, which indicates possible monosomy, and the other lacked just a terminal marker from the end of chromosome 10.

Derivatives

monosomic

adjective
Example sentences
  • A new marker on LG D04, the homeolog of chromosome 10, showed the G. barbadense allele in a cytogenetic stock monosomic for chromosome 20.
  • The selected nuclei are monosomic for the chromosome that carries the darA mutation; or they are disomic, and mitotic recombination has rendered the mutation homozygous.
  • Each type of monosomic and monotelodisomic aneuploid exhibits a characteristic chromosome-specific phenotypic syndrome.
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