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monsoon

Line breaks: mon|soon
Pronunciation: /mɒnˈsuːn
 
/

Definition of monsoon in English:

noun

1A seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and South East Asia, blowing from the south-west between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon), or from the north-east between October and April (the dry monsoon).
Example sentences
  • This creates winds that generally blow from the southwest during the summer monsoon and from the northeast from October to April.
  • The south-west monsoon from May to October brings heavy rain and heavy seas and can restrict diving.
  • Besides, both north-east and south-west monsoons have a higher level of rainfall which may discourage farmers from applying more fertilisers.
1.1The rainy season accompanying the wet monsoon.
Example sentences
  • So it's been a long summer, a long hot summer, and once the hot season ends then the monsoon is just now come.
  • Following the dry season, the monsoons hit the community in full force; several people drowned, trapped in the city's storm water runoff channels.
  • India's dramatic seasons of drought and monsoon can destroy everything a person owns.

Origin

late 16th century: from Portuguese monção, from Arabic mawsim 'season', from wasama 'to mark, brand'.

Derivatives

monsoonal

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Rainfall in the savannah region usually arrives between November and April in heavy bursts from monsoonal depressions or tropical cyclones.
  • As monsoonal rains poured down, the Gulf Country of Queensland, and extensive areas of the dry centre, were turned into vast inland seas, isolating pastoral stations and causing heavy cattle losses.
  • The climate of the study area is sub-tropical and monsoonal.

Definition of monsoon in:

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