Definition of monument in English:


Line breaks: monu|ment
Pronunciation: /ˈmɒnjʊm(ə)nt


  • 1A statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event: a simple stone monument marked the nearby crash site a monument to Magellan is in the main square of the city
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    • After his death, the Athenians honored his memory with a statue, and a monument to him was erected in his own country.
    • They begin with the proposal to erect a monument to a famous figure.
    • A dream of erecting a monument to the Battle of Britain is now one step closer after fundraisers hit the halfway mark £600,000.
    memorial; statue, pillar, column, obelisk, cross; cairn, dolmen, cromlech, monolith, megalith, henge, stone circle; cenotaph, tomb, mausoleum, shrine, sepulchre, reliquary; Buddhism chorten
  • 1.1A statue or other structure placed over a grave in memory of the dead: a handsome monument of granite is placed over the grave
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    • They're monuments to dead climbers - not gravestones per se but carefully constructed shrines.
    • The late sculptor James McKenna was hailed as one of the best sculptors of the millennium at the unveiling of a monument at his grave in Newbridge last week.
    • ‘There have been some times in the past when people have damaged graves and monuments, but this hasn't happened recently,’ he said.
  • 1.2A building, structure, or site that is of historical importance or interest: the amphitheatre is one of the many Greek monuments in Sicily
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    • Historical monuments, sites and buildings also came under the scrutinising eye of the engineers preparing the draft plan.
    • But Zambia offers other attractions like wildlife, a rich cultural heritage and its people, historical sites and monuments.
    • Our individual histories reside in monuments and sites; our collective histories reside in places where we live together.
  • 1.3An enduring and memorable example of something: recordings that are a monument to the art of playing the piano
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    • Like an old stone barn with hand-hewn beams, they were built to last, enduring monuments to craftsmanship and common sense.
    • Pat also contributed his expertise voluntarily over the years and the designs of the buildings are a monument to his skill.
    • The building was a monument to gloomy Edwardian luxury, with a hallway of marble and panelled wood.
    testament, record, reminder, remembrance, memorial, commemoration, witness, token; example, exemplar, model, archetype, pattern, nonpareil, paragon


Middle English (denoting a burial place): via French from Latin monumentum, from monere 'remind'.

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