Definition of mutualism in English:

mutualism

Line breaks: mu¦tual|ism
Pronunciation: /ˈmjuːtʃʊəlɪz(ə)m
 
, -tjʊə-/

noun

[mass noun]
1The doctrine that mutual dependence is necessary to social well-being.
More example sentences
  • Israeli credit cooperatives are a likely population to generate ideological mutualism for the coops.
  • Clearly fraternal mutualism was effective for meeting some of the economic needs for many non-whites and poorer members of American society.
  • It is significant that immigrants invariably chose Irish Catholic friends to act as sponsors where immediate relatives were unavailable, thereby placing these fictive ties on the same level as familial mutualism.
2 Biology Symbiosis which is beneficial to both organisms involved.
More example sentences
  • There are numerous other examples of symbiosis, mutualism, commensalism and parasitism between ray-finned fishes and other groups.
  • One of the best-known forms of mutualism involves insects that pollinate a host plant, then deposit offspring that will ultimately consume many of the seeds.
  • The presence of a commensal parasite that can display mutualism within a clade of known pathogens suggests dynamic evolutionary interactions.

Derivatives

mutualist

noun & adjective
More example sentences
  • That individual directors instigated or were party to the merger brings into question whether they at any stage properly understood mutualism or were genuinely committed to mutualist principles.
  • Finally, there are costs associated with the loss of evolutionary flexibility, particularly in organisms or lineages obligately dependent upon mutualists.
  • Which factors favor the evolution of mutualists?

mutualistic

Pronunciation: /-ˈlɪstɪk/
adjective
More example sentences
  • In the ocean, both coral and deep-sea vent communities are rich with mutualisms; coral itself is the product of a mutualistic symbiosis.
  • While there may be many mutualistic relationships between plants and animals, often plants are more the victims rather than the beneficiaries of the relationship.
  • Additionally, many of the collaborations were mutualistic, and therefore the continuation of the innovation was of benefit to many.

mutualistically

Pronunciation: /-ˈlɪstɪk(ə)li/
adverb
More example sentences
  • Like mycorrhizae, endophytic fungi are thought to interact mutualistically with their host plants mainly by increasing host resistance to herbivores and have been termed ‘acquired plant defenses’.
  • The majority of viruses, however, live symbiotically or mutualistically with their hosts, causing no harm.
  • Have a great productive life plan; think outside of the box; do something great for Earth's environment; dwell bioethically and mutualistically within human diversity and in the rest of biodiversity.

Definition of mutualism in:

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Pronunciation: ˈdɪŋkəm
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