Definition of naphthalene in English:

naphthalene

Line breaks: naph¦tha|lene
Pronunciation: /ˈnafθəliːn
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
  • A volatile white crystalline compound produced by the distillation of coal tar, used in mothballs and as a raw material for chemical manufacture.
    • A bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; chemical formula: C10H8
    More example sentences
    • The raw materials for today's dyes are mainly aromatic hydrocarbons: benzene, toluene, naphthalene, anthracene, pyrene, and others.
    • Common aromatic compounds other than benzene include toluene, naphthalene, and anthracene, all of which are present in coal tar or creosote.
    • In one method, naphthalene is oxidized with vanadium pentoxide to give phthalic anhydride.

Derivatives

naphthalic

Pronunciation: /-ˈθalɪk/
adjective
More example sentences
  • The anhydride of naphthalic acid was identified as a urinary metabolite in rats treated orally with acenaphthene.
  • Single crystals of poly (naphthalic anhydride) have been grown using our confined thin film melt polymerization technique.

Origin

early 19th century: from naphtha + -ene, with the insertion of -l- for ease of pronunciation.

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