Definition of nightshade in English:

nightshade

Line breaks: night|shade
Pronunciation: /ˈnʌɪtʃeɪd
 
/

noun

  • A plant related to the potato, typically having poisonous black or red berries. Several kinds of nightshade have been used in the production of herbal medicines.
    • Solanum and other genera, family Solanaceae (the nightshade family): several species, including the European woody nightshade (S. dulcamara), a climber with purple flowers and red berries. The nightshade family includes many commercially important plants (potato, tomato, capsicum peppers, tobacco) as well as a number of highly poisonous ones (henbane, thorn apple). See also deadly nightshade
    More example sentences
    • Bessey disarmingly recounts how: I was lecturing on the properties of the plants constituting the Solanaceae, and, as a matter of course, said that the berries of the black nightshade were poisonous.
    • As it is, the potato belongs to the botanical family, Solanacea, to which poisonous plants like the nightshade belong.
    • Dock, foxtail, jimsonweed, johnsongrass, morning glory, wild nightshades and ragweed indicate a soil low in calcium and phosphorus.

Origin

Old English nihtscada, apparently from night + shade, probably with reference to the dark colour and poisonous properties of the berries. Compare with German Nachtschatten.

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