Definition of nitride in English:

Share this entry

nitride

Pronunciation: /ˈnʌɪtrʌɪd/

noun

Chemistry
A binary compound of nitrogen with a more electropositive element.
Example sentences
  • The barrier may be a thin film containing at least one of a nitride, oxide, boride, silicide, carbide and aluminide.
  • It is interesting to note that this is also true of a number of nitrides and borides.
  • Today's silicon steels use MnS as the grain growth inhibitor, but other compounds, such as carbides, oxides, or nitrides, are also effective.

verb

[with object] (usually as noun nitriding) Metallurgy
Heat (steel) in the presence of ammonia or other nitrogenous material so as to increase hardness and corrosion resistance.
Example sentences
  • When these steels are nitrided the aluminum forms AlN particles, which strain the ferrite lattice and create strengthening dislocations.
  • Nitrogen may be introduced into the surface of the steel by nitriding.
  • A roof-area cross-member is nitrided (bonding titanium and nitrogen to the parent steel after stamping) to raise its tensile strength to 145,000 lbs/sq.-in.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from nitre + -ide.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: ni|tride

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.