Definition of nitrogen mustard in English:

Share this entry

nitrogen mustard

noun

Chemistry
Any of a group of organic compounds containing the group —N(CH2CH2Cl)2. They are powerful cytotoxic alkylating agents and some are used in chemotherapy to treat cancer.
Example sentences
  • Radiation from nuclear bombs and gaseous particles from nitrogen mustard and acridine orange have been used destructively in war.
  • There was another name to become famous in cancer biology who worked on nitrogen mustard and on mustard gas, but whose name did not appear as a co-author on that famous paper.
  • Also during this time, the bone marrow suppressive effect of nitrogen mustard was discovered.

Origin

1940s: mustard denoting a substance chemically similar to mustard gas.

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.