A member of a religious group which separated from the Roman Catholic Church after the time of the Reformation, especially the Church of Utrecht (which broke with Rome in 1724), and a number of German-speaking Churches which refused to accept papal infallibility after the First Vatican Council.
- The Old Catholics split with the Roman Catholic Church in 1870 over papal infallibility.
- The Old Catholic broke from Rome after Vatican I because they thought the dogma of papal infallibility was too big a development of doctrine.
- These responses, indeed, have been very painful to the Orthodox, especially in regard to the Old Catholics and Anglicans.
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