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ontology Line breaks: ontol|ogy
Pronunciation: /ɒnˈtɒlədʒi/

Definition of ontology in English:


[mass noun]
The branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.
Example sentences
  • For such reasons as these Heidegger believes that ontology and phenomenology coincide.
  • Heidegger interprets such judgements as belonging to general metaphysics or ontology.
  • This question, we have seen, is also a central concern in Mead's ontology and epistemology.


Early 18th century: from modern Latin ontologia, from Greek ōn, ont- 'being' + -logy.



Pronunciation: /ɒntəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • More generally, one should keep distinct issues of epistemic and ontological dependence.
  • The first is the identity theory or ontological reductionism.
  • This is simply because any entity's ontological category is very plausibly one of its essential features.


Pronunciation: /ɒntəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/
Example sentences
  • Though Heidegger understands technology ontologically he also understands ontology historically.
  • Nevertheless, the object of cognition remains ontologically transcendent, while epistemologically immanent.
  • But we were looking for a sense of ‘ontologically dependent’ in which it is true to say that Socrates's life is ontologically dependent upon him, but not vice versa.


Example sentences
  • ‘Ontology’ is a grandiose name for a part of metaphysics: an ontologist attempts to determine what sort of things really exist, what are the fundamental entities of which the world consists.
  • We boast of our outlaw status as outsiders or marginals, as guerilla ontologists; why then, do we continually beg for authenticity and validation (either as ‘reward’ or as ‘punishment’) from authority?
  • Many ‘ontologists’ are truly re-inventing the wheel - an already-developed thesaurus for their subject matter may be hiding in the stacks of their local university library.

Words that rhyme with ontology

anthropology, apology, archaeology (US archeology), astrology, biology, campanology, cardiology, chronology, climatology, cosmology, craniology, criminology, dermatology, ecology, embryology, entomology, epidemiology, etymology, geology, gynaecology (US gynecology), haematology (US hematology), hagiology, horology, hydrology, iconology, ideology, immunology, iridology, kidology, meteorology, methodology, musicology, mythology, necrology, neurology, numerology, oncology, ophthalmology, ornithology, parasitology, pathology, pharmacology, phraseology, phrenology, physiology, psychology, radiology, reflexology, scatology, Scientology, seismology, semiology, sociology, symbology, tautology, technology, terminology, theology, topology, toxicology, urology, zoology • eulogy • energy • synergy • apogee • liturgy • lethargy

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